Neolithic Period
Pottery Ground stone Ostrich eggshell Stone tools

Pottery of the Neolithic was made from sandy clay and decorated with distinctive rocker-stamped designs.

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Kerma Culture

Pottery with decorative patterns Red ware pottery Stone tools
Egyptian wheel made pottery is crude and utilitarian in comparison with the great effort that went into producing Kerma fine wares. Small dishes and jars may reflect Egyptian style food offerings for the benefit of the deceased, perhaps a sign that Kerman cultural identity was shifting under Egyptian influence. Pottery from the Kerma period includes delicate polished black topped red ware beakers for drinking and jars for storage. Early examples show fine lined decoration. Large storage jars were heavier, often with stamped decoration around the rim. Stone tools were still used as a cheap substitute for copper and bronze.

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Islamic Culture
Islamic pottery from the Sudan is often hand made with incised decoration. Imported porcelain and glass beads came from Europe and China. This chunk of coral must have come from the Red Sea. These small incised and impressed bowls are from Turkish pipes. This copper Egyptian 5 piaster coin found at Qasr Wad Nemeri is dated 1898, perhaps dropped there by one of Kitchener's soldiers on his way to defeat the Mahdist army of "Dervishes" at Khartoum.
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Christian Culture
Christian pottery was mostly wheel made and decorated with elaborate painted and stamped designs, carrying on a ceramic tradition from the pre-Christian Meroitic period (c. 300 BC to AD 400).

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